Endometriosis Treatment in Troy & Rochester Hills, MI
If you are a woman between the ages of 25 and 40 and experience excessive cramps, abnormal/heavy menstrual flow, and pain during intercourse, it is possible you are among the 2 to 10 percent of women in this age range to experience endometriosis, a disorder where tissue similar to that which forms in the lining of the uterus begins growing outside of the uterine cavity, most commonly in the ovaries, bowel, and tissue lining the pelvis.
Pain is the most common symptom of endometriosis. When the endometrial tissue breaks down and bleeds with each menstrual cycle, the tissue has no way to exit the body. This can cause a combination of cysts, scar tissue, and other abnormal bands of fibrous tissue. The pain can vary in severity, but many women report the experience to be almost debilitating, especially during menstrual periods. Many women experience painful urination or bowel movements during their menstrual periods, and other gastrointestinal problems including diarrhea, constipation, and/or nausea. The accompanying scar tissue formation may also cause fertility issues.
Though the causes of endometriosis are not known, most researchers theorize that there are predisposing genetic factors. Endometriosis can also occur due to transplantation - such as in the abdominal wall after a cesarean section. Women who give birth for the first time after the age of 30 are often found to be more susceptible to the disorder.
What To Expect
The endometriosis specialists at Oakland Macomb Obstetrics & Gynecology are here to help if you are experiencing any concerning symptoms. After an initial pelvic exam, your provider may perform a laparoscopy, which is a surgical technique that will allow for the biopsy of any suspicious tissue. This is a low-risk, quick, and minimally invasive procedure that requires a very small incision, and allows your doctor to see your body in real time.
Occasionally, there are other types of exams that are needed to aid in the diagnosis of endometriosis. An ultrasound uses high-frequency sound waves to create an image of the internal organs. A CT scan is another noninvasive imaging procedure that uses a combination of x-rays and computers to produce images of the body in order to locate any abnormalities. Lastly, an MRI, or Magnetic Resonance Imaging, produces a two-dimensional image of any organs or structures that may be affected by the overgrowth of endometrial tissue.
Fortunately, endometriosis has been well-researched, and there are effective treatments available for all of the symptoms it may cause. Oakland Macomb OBGYN is committed to finding the appropriate endometriosis treatment for each patient. If the condition is not causing unbearable pain and you aren’t currently attempting to become pregnant, your provider may wait to take any medical action. If the pain you are experiencing is having a negative impact on your daily life, there are many types of medication, including NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) and various over-the-counter options that can provide relief. In more severe cases, hormone therapies or endometriosis surgery may be necessary to remove the endometrial growth, larger amounts of the displaced endometrium, or, on occasion, the uterus itself.