Ovarian Cysts Treatment in Troy & Rochester Hills
Though the term cyst sounds like a terrifying diagnosis, they are fairly common and not usually harmful if treated promptly. An ovarian cyst is exactly what it sounds like: a cyst located on one of the two reproductive glands in women, inside the pelvis and on either side of the uterus. There are many types of ovarian cysts and most never even get detected, but measurable ovarian cyst symptoms generally indicate that treatment is needed.
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Ovarian Cyst Symptoms
The majority of ovarian cysts resolve on their own and are never even detected, but sometimes a cyst can rupture, bleed into itself, or grow large enough to affect body functions. Though many ovarian cyst symptoms can also occur with other conditions or illnesses, you should schedule a visit with your gynecologist if you experience any of the following:
- Pain during sexual intercourse
- Pain in the abdomen, pelvis, or lower back unrelated to injury
- Bloating or indigestion
- Strong urge to urinate or difficulty emptying the bladder completely
- Difficult or urgent bowel movements
- Early satiety: the feeling of being full when one has eaten only a small amount
Types of Ovarian Cysts
Follicular cysts are generally harmless and resolve on their own within a few months without any treatment. These cysts occur when the sac that contains a woman’s eggs grows larger than normal during the menstrual cycle.
Chocolate cysts occur in women with ovarian endometriosis. As a result, the tissue normally found in the uterus grows and bleeds over time, forming brown cysts.
Corpus Luteum Cysts
Corpus Luteum cysts are usually symptomless and occur when a specific area of tissue in the ovary does not break down and disappear after the egg is released from the follicle during the menstrual cycle. Instead it fills with blood and forms a cyst, generally on one side of the ovary.
Dermoid cysts grow in the ovary but contain tissues from other parts of the body and may be benign or malignant.
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)
Polycistic Ovarian Syndrome is the leading cause of infertility in women and usually causes multiple cysts on both ovaries, often causing other hormonal problems as well.
Tubo-Ovarian abscesses are infections of the ovary and Fallopian tubes and are common in women with pelvic-inflammatory disease.
Ovarian Cysts Diagnosis And Treatment
As the majority of ovarian cysts resolve themselves and often do not cause any symptoms, they are often only found by accident, during routine prenatal or menopausal screenings or while investigating other health problems. Transvaginal ultrasounds, MRIs, and CT scans can offer a final diagnosis when ovarian cysts are suspected. Functional cysts are the types that are related to the menstrual cycle, and are generally just monitored without intervention except in the case of rupture. If the woman is at risk for cancer, blood tests or tissue samples may be taken. Anti-inflammatory drugs may be taken for pain management purposes, and if necessary, a laparoscopy or laparotomy may be performed to remove the cyst for further testing. These procedures are fairly routine and minimally invasive and can usually be performed at a regular office visit with your gynecologist.
PCOS doctors in Troy & Rochester Hills That Can Help You Today
Though most cysts do not present health risks, it is important to voice any concerns about symptoms to your gynecologist. Book an appointment at Oakland Macomb Obstetrics & Gynecology today to get the answers you need.