IUD Insertion In Troy And Rochester Hills MI
Types of IUDs
Women who opt for an intrauterine device to protect against unwanted pregnancies have two basic choices. Copper IUDs in America are made by Paragard and do not contain hormones, but are instead wrapped in copper. These IUDs protect against pregnancy for up to 12 years. There are several different companies that currently manufacture hormonal IUDs that use progestin. The duration of protection provided by these devices ranges from 3 to 7 years depending on the manufacturer, so make sure you know when it will be time to replace your IUD.
Learn more about which birth control method is right for you.
How it works
Both copper and hormonal IUDs prevent conception by making it impossible for sperm to reach and fertilize the egg. Hormonal IUDs do this by releasing progestin that thickens the cervical mucus and thins out the inner layer of the uterus, making it nearly impossible for sperm to complete the journey to fertilization. Copper IUDs do not use hormones, because the copper ions themselves decapitate sperm when released into your cervix.
The idea of having something inserted into the uterus can seem intimidating and a bit frightening, but the IUD procedure itself is actually quite fast and very routine. Your doctor will take some basic medical history to make sure that you are a good candidate for IUD insertion, and will then do a basic exam of the vagina and uterus, using a speculum to help them to place the IUD. A small string attached to the IUD will allow for removal when it is time. Though some women do experience minor cramping and discomfort during the procedure, placement itself generally takes less than 5 minutes. Taking over-the-counter painkillers reduces any pain that you might experience.
Most women who choose an IUD do so because it is effective for a relatively long time without having to remember to make regular appointments or take medications, but it is very simple to remove the IUD at any time if you are experiencing complications or discomfort or wish to become pregnant. The time and discomfort or IUD removal are similar to that of IUD insertion. A speculum is placed inside the vagina and the doctor will remove the IUD by gently tugging at the small string attached for the purpose of removal. The entire procedure takes just a few minutes and patients can resume regular activities immediately.
Both types of IUDs are 99% effective at preventing pregnancy and can be easily removed by a medical professional at any time. The IUD string should not bother you, but it is important not to tug at it or you could potentially remove or displace the IUD. If this happens, simply contact your provider to check on your IUD and repeat insertion if necessary.
IUD insertion is a relatively routine and low-risk procedure, and serious side effects are very rare. Cramping and spotting in the first few months is common with both types of IUDs, but it is usually minor and subsides by the sixth month. Hormonal IUD insertion often results in lighter or nonexistent periods or spotting between periods, while patients with copper IUDs may experience heavier periods. Over-the-counter pain medicines can help manage the discomfort of cramps. Pregnancy is very rare when using an IUD, but if it does happen, it is important to see a doctor right away, as the risk for ectopic pregnancy is higher in IUD users.
As mentioned above, any pain resulting from IUD insertion or removal is usually minor and subsides quickly, but it can be easily treated. Heating pads, acetaminophen, and ibuprofen are all effective remedies, just like during your regular menstrual cycle. Call your doctor if you experience a fever, extreme cramping, or excessive bleeding so they can assess the need for a follow-up visit.
Oakland Macomb Obstetrics & Gynecology is well-known in the Troy and Rochester Hills areas for providing compassionate care to women of all backgrounds. All of our patients receive the highest quality of care in our modern, state of the art facilities equipped with the latest in medical technologies.